Limits in C

Limits on Integer Constants

Constant Meaning Value
CHAR_BIT Number of bits in the smallest variable that is not a bit field. 8
SCHAR_MIN Minimum value for a variable of type signed char. –128
SCHAR_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type signed char. 127
UCHAR_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type unsigned char. 255 (0xff)
CHAR_MIN Minimum value for a variable of type char. –128; 0 if /J option used
CHAR_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type char. 127; 255 if /J option used
MB_LEN_MAX Maximum number of bytes in a multicharacter constant. 5
SHRT_MIN Minimum value for a variable of type short. –32768
SHRT_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type short. 32767
USHRT_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type unsigned short. 65535 (0xffff)
INT_MIN Minimum value for a variable of type int. –2147483648
INT_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type int. 2147483647
UINT_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type unsigned int. 4294967295 (0xffffffff)
LONG_MIN Minimum value for a variable of type long. –2147483648
LONG_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type long. 2147483647
ULONG_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type unsigned long. 4294967295 (0xffffffff)
_I64_MIN Minimum value for a variable of type __int64 -9223372036854775808
_I64_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type __int64 9223372036854775807
_UI64_MAX Maximum value for a variable of type unsigned __int64 18446744073709551615 (0xffffffffffffffff)

Limits on Floating-Point Constants

Constant Meaning Value
FLT_DIG DBL_DIG LDBL_DIG Number of digits, q, such that a floating-point number with q decimal digits can be rounded into a floating-point representation and back without loss of precision. 6 15 15
FLT_EPSILON DBL_EPSILON LDBL_EPSILON Smallest positive number x, such that x + 1.0 is not equal to 1.0. 1.192092896e–07F 2.2204460492503131e–016 2.2204460492503131e–016
FLT_GUARD 0
FLT_MANT_DIG DBL_MANT_DIG LDBL_MANT_DIG Number of digits in the radix specified by FLT_RADIX in the floating-point significand. The radix is 2; hence these values specify bits. 24 53 53
FLT_MAX DBL_MAX LDBL_MAX Maximum representable floating-point number. 3.402823466e+38F 1.7976931348623158e+308 1.7976931348623158e+308
FLT_MAX_10_EXP DBL_MAX_10_EXP LDBL_MAX_10_EXP Maximum integer such that 10 raised to that number is a representable floating-point number. 38 308 308
FLT_MAX_EXP DBL_MAX_EXP LDBL_MAX_EXP Maximum integer such that FLT_RADIX raised to that number is a representable floating- point number. 128 1024 1024
FLT_MIN DBL_MIN LDBL_MIN Minimum positive value. 1.175494351e–38F 2.2250738585072014e–308 2.2250738585072014e–308
FLT_MIN_10_EXP DBL_MIN_10_EXP LDBL_MIN_10_EXP Minimum negative integer such that 10 raised to that number is a representable floating- point number. –37

–307

–307

FLT_MIN_EXP DBL_MIN_EXP LDBL_MIN_EXP Minimum negative integer such that FLT_RADIX raised to that number is a representable floating-point number. –125

–1021

–1021

FLT_NORMALIZE 0
FLT_RADIX _DBL_RADIX _LDBL_RADIX Radix of exponent representation. 2 2 2
FLT_ROUNDS _DBL_ROUNDS _LDBL_ROUNDS Rounding mode for floating-point addition. 1 (near) 1 (near) 1 (near)

RegMs If

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