+/- Rectangle

题目描述

You are given four integers: $H, W, h$ and $w$. Determine whether there exists a matrix such that all of the following conditions are held, and construct one such matrix if the answer is positive:

  • The matrix has $H$ rows and $W$ columns.
  • Each element of the matrix is an integer between $-10^9$ and $10^9$ (inclusive).
  • The sum of all the elements of the matrix is positive.
  • The sum of all the elements within every subrectangle with $h$ rows and $w$ columns in the matrix is negative.

题意概述

构造一个$H \times W$的矩阵,使得这个矩阵中所有数字的和为正数,而其任意一个$h \times w$的子矩阵中所有数字的和为负数。
数据范围:$1 \le h \le H \le 500, \; 1 \le w \le W \le 500$。

算法分析

由于只要构造一个符合要求的矩阵,因此我们可以这么想:
在一个$(2h-1) \times (2w-1)$的矩阵中,如果其正中间的数为$-hwn+n-1$,其他所有数均为$n$,那么对于这个矩阵任意一个$h \times w$的子矩阵来说,其所有数字的和均为$-1$,而整个矩阵所有数字的和为正数。
根据贪心策略,$n$越大,整个矩阵所有数字的和也就越大(因为任意一个$h \times w$的子矩阵所有数字的和均为$-1$)。因为所有数字的绝对值都不能超过$10^9$,所以$n$应不超过$10^9/500/500=4000$。
若构造完矩阵后所有数字的和为负数,则不存在构造方案。

代码

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
long long H, W, h, w, t, ans, a[501][501];
int main()
{
    cin >> H >> W >> h >> w;
    for (int i = 1; i <= H; ++i) {
        for (int j = 1; j <= W; ++j) {
            a[i][j] = 4000;
        }
    }
    t = - h * w * 4000 + 3999;
    for (int i = 0; i <= H; i += h) {
        for (int j = 0; j <= W; j += w) {
            a[i][j] = t;
        }
    }
    for (int i = 1; i <= H; ++i) {
        for (int j = 1; j <= W; ++j) {
            ans += a[i][j];
        }
    }
    if (ans < 0) {
        cout << "No" << endl;
    } else {
        cout << "Yes" << endl;
        for (int i = 1; i <= H; ++i) {
            for (int j = 1; j <= W; ++j) {
                cout << a[i][j] << ' ';
            }
            cout << endl;
        }
    }
    return 0;
}

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